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Linear Algebra

Introduction

Linear algebra is a branch of mathematics  concerned with the study of vectors, with families of vectors called vector spaces or linear spaces, and with functions that input one vector and output another, according to certain rules. These functions are called linear maps or linear transformations and are often represented by matrices. Linear algebra is central to modern mathematics and its applications. An elementary application of linear algebra is to the solution of a systems of linear equations in several unknowns. More advanced applications are ubiquitous, in areas as diverse as abstract algebra and functional analysis. Linear algebra has a concrete representation in analytic geometry and is generalized in operator theory. It has extensive applications in the natural sciences and the social sciences. Nonlinear mathematical models can often be approximated by linear ones.

Source: Wikipedia.org

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